Perforated Celt- Prairie County, AR

Perforated Celt- Prairie County, AR
Photographed by Arkansas Archaeological Survey

Arkansas Archaeology recently published a perforated celt as their Artifact of the Month. This and similar shaped objects are indicative of Southeast, late Mississippian communities.  Celts weren’t actually used as tools, but rather, used symbolically to represent strength or noble status. Archaeologists have suggested their ceremonial function primarily because celts lack use-wear patterns when discovered as graves goods of higher ranking individuals.


  • Cheatwood, Glen. “THE DISCOVERY OF A HIGHLY DEVELOPED SOUTHERN SPATULATE AND CELT.” Central States Archaeological Journal, vol. 50, no. 1, 2003, pp. 3–3.
  • Mainfort, Robert C., et al. “Sociotechnic Celts from the Upper Nodena Site, Northeast Arkansas.” Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, vol. 31, no. 2, 2006, pp. 323–343.